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King Charles’s tour shows desire to hug UK nations close

Answering the many questions I have asked myself during the coverage of the new King’s visits. Article by Alan Little for BBC News website published 17/9/2022

The Crown of Scotland and the Imperial State Crown


The Crown of Scotland (l) on Her Majesty’s coffin in Edinburgh was replaced by the Imperial State Crown in London

King Charles has done two things simultaneously this week that reveal much about what kind of reign he aspires to. First, he has led the nation in the ritualising of its sorrow – a sorrow that has been quietly expressed and subdued but it is nonetheless real. And second he has signalled to us in the clearest terms possible that this is a reign that will put the future of the Union – the integrity of the United Kingdom itself – at the heart of its concerns.

In choosing to visit Edinburgh, Belfast and Cardiff, as well as return to London, King Charles has demonstrated how fully the Royal Family and household have understood the nature of the United Kingdom as a Union state – a partnership of nations.

Everywhere he went there were gestures of respect and, indeed, affection for the distinctiveness of each of the three devolved nations. And in that, as in much else, he is following what he called, in Northern Ireland, the “shining example” set by his mother.

We saw the coffin of the Queen for the first time as it slipped through the gates of Balmoral in its glass-sided hearse. She is the first reigning monarch to die in Scotland in nearly 500 years. “I have to be seen to be believed,” she had famously remarked in life; now she was performing the same service in death.

The cortege made its way slowly through royal Deeside, slowing down to pass through towns and villages, where the people know her not just as the Queen, but as their neighbour. She had known this landscape since she was a child: Aboyne, Ballater, Banchory, Peterculter, through Aberdeen to Bridge of Muchalls, Stonehaven and south to the Scottish capital. They stood by the side of the road as the cortege passed, in quiet contemplation.

What was the symbolism of this measured progress through the green spaces, the little neighbourhoods, she loved, if not to say: “I am rooted here; this has been my home.”

For that’s what Balmoral was – a private home and not a royal residence. She made no secret of the fact that she loved it more than any place in the world. It was where she found respite from the burdens of state and the unyielding gaze of the public.

Queen Elizabeth watches Prince Charles playing in his toy car while at Balmoral, September 1952


The new Queen Elizabeth with a young Prince Charles at Balmoral in September 1952

I have been struck all week by that gaze. It has followed the new King and those closest to him throughout. Other than a brief time at Highgrove spent in quiet contemplation, King Charles and the Queen Consort have spent almost every waking hour since the Queen died in the public eye. This, at a time when they and their family are carrying what must be an intense private sorrow. This is a family on whose grief the eyes of the world intrude. Duty calls them to sublimate their private sorrow to the imperatives and demands of public ritual

This, too, is surely the legacy of the late Queen – it is the steadfastness and constancy with which she adhered to her idea of public service, now visible in her son.

Crowds gathered in the streets of Edinburgh’s magnificent old town as her coffin was taken to lie in the Palace of Holyroodhouse, the monarch’s official residence in Scotland. You could sense the intimacy and informality of that journey from Balmoral gradually yielding to the rituals of statehood and official mourning.

History seeps from every stone of that house. This was where the Queen’s ancestor King James VI of Scotland learned, in the middle of the night, that he had inherited the throne of England on the death of the first Elizabeth, thus uniting the two kingdoms under one Crown for the first time. In that sense, the Queen was brought to lie in rest in the building that could be said to be the birthplace of the first Kingdom of Great Britain.

The Royal Household’s attention to the sensibilities and distinctiveness of the three devolved nations of the UK has been striking, not just this week, but for many years. When, in 1999, the Queen opened the first Scottish Parliament in 300 years, she gave permission for the then presiding officer to refer to her by what he called her proper title – Elizabeth, Queen of Scots.

Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Charles laugh whilst watching the children's sack race at the 2012 Braemar Highland Gathering


Mother and son sharing a laugh at the Braemar Highland Gathering in 2012

She, herself, when she was in Scotland, referred to her son and heir not as the Prince of Wales but as the Duke of Rothesay, his Scottish title. When they took the Queen’s coffin to lie in rest at St Giles’ Cathedral, they placed upon it the Crown of Scotland, the centrepiece of the Scottish crown jewels. It is 500 years old, the oldest surviving royal crown in Britain and Ireland, made for the Queen’s ancestor King James V.

Consider the symbolism – it is a gesture toward the distinctiveness of Scotland and its historic nationhood.

What have we learned about the kind of reign that the King aspires to? This week, above all, he has sought visibility; like his mother he wants to be seen, to forge a strong link between Crown and people. It was those moments outside, in the street, among the people crowding to see him, hands stretched out to take his, that he seemed to come alive. These were the moments – moments of easy informal engagement – that seemed to energise and excite him.

We watched him at Hillsborough Castle in Northern Ireland, being addressed by Sinn Fein leaders who do not recognise the legitimacy of his Crown in their country. And yet they spoke to him with sympathy for his loss, and spoke with immense warmth about his late mother.

Sinn Fein campaigning in West Belfast, April 2022


In May 2022’s election, for the first time, nationalist Sinn Fein won most seats to the Northern Ireland Assembly

Alex Maskey, the Sinn Fein speaker of the Northern Ireland Assembly, a man who was twice interned without trial during the Troubles, stood in the Throne Room at Hillsborough and spoke directly to the British King of the leadership qualities of his late mother.

He also praised the role those qualities had played in bringing peace to Northern Ireland. He said she had deployed gestures that seemed small, but which had an enormous impact in promoting reconciliation. King Charles replied that he would seek to follow what he called his mother’s “shining example” in bringing together “those whom history has separated”.